The Essential Odyssey - The Odyssey- is Odysseus a jerk? Showing 1-50 of 186
'The Odyssey' Characters: Descriptions and Significance
So, he tried feigning madness, but Palamedes exposed him, and Odysseus had no choice but to leave. He played a crucial part during the Trojan War — both as a strategist and as a warrior — eventually coming up with the famous stratagem which decided the outcome of the bloody conflict: the Trojan Horse. After numerous memorable adventures — Circe , the Sirens , Scylla and Charybdis , the Laestrygonians, Calypso — Odysseus finally managed to reach Ithaca , ten years after leaving Troy and twenty after joining the Trojan expedition. He died an old man, probably accidentally killed by Telegonus , a child he had fathered with Circe during one of his many adventures. Odysseus was — almost certainly — the only son of Laertes of Ithaca , a former Argonaut, and Anticlea , the only daughter of Autolycus.
Famed for his courage, intelligence, and leadership, Odysseus Roman name: Ulysses was one of the great pan - Hellenic heroes of Greek mythology. His resourcefulness and oratory skills were instrumental in the Greek victory in the Trojan War and following the conflict, he was the protagonist in many fantastic adventures on his long voyage back home to Ithaka or Ithaca. Married to Penelope, he also had a son, Telemachos or Telemachus. The hero was also fortunate enough to regularly receive the special aid and protection of the goddess Athena. Odysseus was involved in several important episodes and his intelligence, wise counsel, and wits proved crucial to the eventual Greek success in the war. However, Odysseus very nearly avoided the conflict altogether for when he was called upon by Palamedes an emissary of Menelaos , the King of Ithaca was loathe to leave his wife and family and so pretended to be insane. This he convincingly did by ploughing a field with an ox and an ass yoked together and scattering salt in the furrows.
Homer also states that the name Odysseus means “victim of enmity”, that by stealing it the Greeks would gain a great advantage in the war.
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Odysseus also plays a key role in Homer's Iliad. Relatively little is known of Odysseus' background except that his paternal grandfather or step-grandfather is Arcesius, son of Cephalus and grandson of Aeolus, while his maternal grandfather is Autolycus, son of Hermes and Chione. According to some late sources, most of them purely genealogical, Odysseus had many children, including, with Penelope, Telemachus and Poliporthes born after Odysseus' return from Troy.
Odysseus says these lines when Calypso tells him that he is fated to suffer if he leaves her island. Throughout the poem, Odysseus is willing to endure great hardship. Seeing that Nausicaa is of marriage age, Odysseus wishes her a happy marriage. These lines show us how Odysseus views his relationship with Penelope, and what his marriage means to him. On the other hand, he wants Nausicaa to help him, so he may be flattering her to get her to think kindly towards him. The poet describes his weeping with a simile that makes it clear why Odysseus is so upset.
The Odyssey is a character-focused epic poem. The characters of The Odyssey include royalty, deities, war heroes, monsters, witches, nymphs and more, spread all over the Mediterranean Sea. All of these characters, realistic and fantastical, play significant roles in the action of the epic poem. He has been absent from his home for the past 20 years: the first ten spent at war, and the second ten spent at sea during his attempt to return home. However, Odysseus runs into countless obstacles along his journey that delay his travel to Ithaca.
Chris Mackie does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. The Odyssey of Homer is a Greek epic poem that tells of the return journey of Odysseus to the island of Ithaca from the war at Troy, which Homer addressed in The Iliad. In the Greek tradition, the war lasted for ten years. Odysseus then spent a further ten years getting home in the face of hostility from Poseidon, god of the earth and sea. He finds that young men from the local vicinity have invaded his house to put pressure on his wife Penelope to marry one of them. A stalemate exists, and it is only resolved by a bow contest at the end of the poem, which then leads to a slaughter of all the suitors by Odysseus and his son Telemachus.