What does the root polis mean

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what does the root polis mean

Etymology Quotes (42 quotes)

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polis-, polit-, poli-

Are police and policy related? Not only are they cognates, but they used to mean the same thing—and politics is descended from the same word as well. That word is polis , the Greek term for a city as well as for the concept of the city-state and the body of citizens who constituted that state. The adjective metropolitan describes the characteristics of a city, often including its underground railway system, which is sometimes abbreviated to metro , but the word also serves as a noun for a Greek Orthodox bishop who oversees other bishops and for the see, or seat, of his administration. Originally, police , like policy, referred to civil administration both come from the intermediate Latin noun politia , but by the early s, it came to apply specifically to law enforcement, and within about a century that was its only sense. Later, policier came to describe a novel, film, or television program dealing with the solving of crimes. The two meanings of policy apparently come from different sources.

-polis-, root. -polis- comes from Greek, where it has the meaning "city.'' This meaning is found in such words as: cosmopolitan, geopolitical, impolitic, megalopolis.
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Toggle nav. Polis ; , plural poleis , literally means city in Greek. It can also mean citizenship and body of citizens. In modern historiography, polis is normally used to indicate the ancient Greek city-states, like Classical Athens and its contemporaries, and thus is often translated as " city-state ". The Ancient Greek city-state developed during the Archaic period as the ancestor of city, state, and citizenship and persisted though with decreasing influence well into Roman times, when the equivalent Latin word was civitas , also meaning "citizenhood", while municipium applied to a non-sovereign local entity. The term "city-state", which originated in English alongside the German Stadtstaat , does not fully translate the Greek term. The poleis were not like other primordial ancient city-states like Tyre or Sidon, which were ruled by a king or a small oligarchy , but rather political entities ruled by their bodies of citizens.

Search The Word Detective and our family of websites: This is the easiest way to find a column on a particular word or phrase. We deeply appreciate the erudition and energy of our commenters. Your comments frequently make an invaluable contribution to the story of words and phrases in everyday usage over many years. The term later was applied to the chief household officer in royal palaces, then to military commanders, and finally, in the 15th century, to law enforcement authorities. I know I read that derivation in one of them. A good bit of the humor in them comes from fanciful etymologies turned pun.

Polis means a city , a city-state and also citizenship and body of citizens. In context with Ancient Greece polis means nearly always "city-state. The word originates from the ancient Greek city-states , which developed during the period and existed well into Roman times, when the equivalent Latin word was civitas , that means 'citizenhood' as well. The bounds of the ancient polis often centered around a citadel , called the acropolis. Nearly always it had an agora market and typically one or more temples and a gymnasium.

4 thoughts on “Etymology Quotes (42 quotes)

  1. In this article, the first in the column Mincing Metaphors, we unpack this oceanic metaphor to better understand what it means and why it's proving so useful right.

  2. The Greek term for a city-state—an area dominated by and administered from a central fortifiable town.

  3. polis definition, a combining form, meaning “city,” appearing in loanwords from to better understand what it means and why it's proving so useful right now.

  4. Polis plural poleis literally means city in Greek. It can also mean a body of citizens. In modern . The names of other cities were also given the suffix -polis after antiquity, either referring to ancient names or unrelated: Anapolis, Goias, Brazil.

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