What is poverty of the stimulus

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what is poverty of the stimulus

The Autumn of the Patriarch by Gabriel Garcia Marquez

One of Gabriel Garcia Marquezs most intricate and ambitious works, The Autumn of the Patriarch is a brilliant tale of a Caribbean tyrant and the corruption of power.

From charity to deceit, benevolence to violence, fear of God to extreme cruelty, the dictator of The Autumn of the Patriarch embodies the best but also the worst of human nature. Gabriel Garcia Marquez, the renowned master of magical realism, vividly portrays the dying tyrant caught in the prison of his own dictatorship. Employing an innovative, dreamlike style, and overflowing with symbolic descriptions, the novel transports the reader to a world that is at once fanciful and vividly real.
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AcqOfLang2: Poverty of the Stimulus Indicates Prior Knowledge

Poverty of the stimulus (POS) is the argument from linguistics that children are not exposed to rich enough data within their linguistic environments to acquire.
Gabriel Garcia Marquez

The Theory of Poverty of the Stimulus in Language Development

Children hear relatively few examples of most sentence types, they get little or no correction beyond pronunciation not even that , and they are exposed to a bewildering array of false starts, unlabelled mistakes, half sentences and the like. The quantity of the stimulus — i. This suggests that in their first five years children are exposed to At an average of, say, ten words an utterance this is larger than the entire British National Corpus m words , from which several hefty grammars and dictionaries have been derived. What about the quality? Chomsky and his followers would argue that, even if this were true, the child will have little or no exposure to certain rare structures that, in a short time, she will nevertheless know are grammatical. Ergo, this knowledge must derive from the deep structures of universal grammar.

The poverty of the stimulus POTS argument is an argument in favour of linguistic nativism , which is the claim that humans are born with a specific adaptation for language that both funds and limits their competence to acquire specific types of natural languages over the course of their cognitive development and linguistic maturation. The basic idea informs the teachings of Socrates , Plato , and the Pythagoreans, pervades the work of the Cartesian linguists and Wilhelm von Humboldt, and surfaces again with the contemporary linguistic theories of Noam Chomsky. The argument is now generally used to support theories of generative grammar. The name was coined by Chomsky in his work Rules and Representations Chomsky, The thesis emerged out of several of Chomsky's writings on the issue of language acquisition. The argument has been persuasive within linguistics, forming the empirical backbone for the theory of universal grammar.

Poverty of the stimulus POS is the argument from linguistics that children are not exposed to rich enough data within their linguistic environments to acquire every feature of their language. This is considered evidence contrary to the empiricist idea that language is learned solely through experience.
sword art online volume 13

Edited by Ian Roberts

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2 thoughts on “The Autumn of the Patriarch by Gabriel Garcia Marquez

  1. In language studies, poverty of the stimulus is the argument that the linguistic input received by young children is in itself insufficient to explain their detailed knowledge of their first language , so people must be born with an innate ability to learn a language.

  2. It first frames the poverty of the stimulus argument either in terms of the set of sentences allowed by the grammar its weak generative capacity or the set of structures generated by the grammar its strong generative capacity.

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