Voyage of the Beagle by Charles Darwins/t: Charles Darwins Journal of Researches
When the Beagle sailed out of Devonport on 27 December 1831, Charles Darwin was twenty-two and setting off on the voyage of a lifetime.
It was to last five years and transform him from an amiable and somewhat aimless young man into a scientific celebrity. Even more vitally, it was to set in motion the intellectual currents that culminated in the arrival of The Origin of Species in Victorian drawing-rooms in 1859. His journal, reprinted here in a shortened version, is vivid and immediate, showing us a naturalist making patient observations, above all in geology. As well as a profusion of natural history detail, it records many other things that caught Darwin’s eye, from civil war in Argentina to the new colonial settlements of Australia. The editors have provided an excellent introduction and notes for this Penguin Classics edition, which also contains maps and appendices, including an essay on scientific geology and the Bible by Robert FitzRoy, Darwin’s friend and captain of the Beagle.
Beagle has become legendary, as insights gained by the bright young scientist on his trip to exotic places greatly influenced his masterwork, the book " On the Origin of Species. But the exotic plants and animals he encountered challenged his thinking and led him to consider scientific evidence in new ways. After returning to England from his five years at sea, Darwin began writing a multi-volume book on what he had seen. His writings on the Beagle voyage concluded in , a full decade and a half before the publication of "On the Origin of Species. Beagle is remembered today because of its association with Charles Darwin , but it had sailed on a lengthy scientific mission several years before Darwin came into the picture. The Beagle, a warship carrying ten cannons, sailed in to explore the coastline of South America.
Expertise. Insights. Illumination.
Naturalist Charles Darwin developed groundbreaking theories on evolution following a five-year expedition on board HMS Beagle , — In it, he presented his theory of the evolution of species by means of natural selection. Darwin developed his theory from findings he made following a five-year expedition on board HMS Beagle. Charles Darwin was born on 12 February in Shrewsbury, England. From to , Darwin — then a trainee Anglican parson — served as an unpaid naturalist on a science expedition on board HMS Beagle.
Beagle , British naval vessel aboard which Charles Darwin served as naturalist on a voyage to South America and around the world — The specimens and observations accumulated on this voyage gave Darwin the essential materials for his theory of evolution by natural selection. The ship was designed as a flush-decked, gun brig a two-masted vessel intended for scouting, courier duty, and other light assignments. It carried eight pounder carronades and two 6-pounder long guns; its length was 90 feet 4 inches about 28 metres , its beam 24 feet 6 inches about 8 metres. At the naval review for King George IV in , it became the first ship to pass fully rigged under the old London Bridge. In the Beagle was converted to a bark by the addition of a small mizzenmast; a forecastle and a large poop cabin were also added.
The circumnavigation of the globe would be the making of the year-old Darwin. As a gentleman naturalist, he could leave the ship for extended periods, pursuing his own interests. As a result, he spent only 18 months of the voyage aboard the ship. The hardship was immediate: a tormenting seasickness. On the Cape Verde Islands January , the sailor saw bands of oyster shells running through local rocks, suggesting that Lyell was right in his geologic speculations and that the land was rising in places, falling in others.