Quote by George Washington: “However [political parties] may now and then an...”
Where US Politics Came From: Crash Course US History #9
The Democratic-Republican Party formally called the Republican Party was an American political party formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison around to oppose the centralizing policies of the new Federalist Party run by Alexander Hamilton , who was Secretary of the Treasury and chief architect of George Washington 's administration. It began in as one faction in Congress and included many politicians who had been opposed to the new constitution. They distrusted the Federalist tendency to centralize and loosely interpret the Constitution, believing these policies were signs of monarchism and anti-republican values.
Political Parties of the Presidents
The presidency of George Washington began on April 30, , when Washington was inaugurated as the first president of the United States , and ended on March 4, Washington took office after the —89 presidential election , the nation's first quadrennial presidential election, in which he was elected unanimously. Washington was re-elected unanimously in the presidential election , and chose to retire after two terms. He was succeeded by his vice president, John Adams of the Federalist Party. Washington had established his preeminence among the new nation's Founding Fathers through his service as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and as President of the Constitutional Convention.
In the long history of the United States, only one president, George Washington, did not represent a political party. The Constitution that Washington helped draft in , the Constitution our government still operates under today, makes no mention of political parties, and it clearly did not anticipate them. As originally ratified, the United States Constitution declared that the second-place vote getter in the presidential election would serve as vice president. It was not until , with the ratification of the Twelfth Amendment, that this changed. Political parties as we know them today began to take shape while Washington was in office.
On February 4, , electors chose George Washington to be the first president of the United States. Previously, states had governed much like independent countries under the Articles of the Confederation. But in , delegates met in Philadelphia to discuss the need for a stronger, more cohesive national government. They devised a plan for a federal government and the fundamental laws that would govern the nation. They laid out this plan in the new Constitution of the United States. The Constitution provided for a central government with three branches—legislative, judicial and executive.
As the first President of the United States of America, George Washington had strong political opinions and beliefs but chose not to officially affiliate himself with any political party, even though members of his very own presidential cabinet were beginning to form divergent political parties based on their differing political opinions. Although Washington tended to side with the Federalists on most of the major issues during his presidency, he refused to tie himself to them, as he believed that the creation of political parties was a divisive step for the American government and people. In fact, in his famous Farewell Address after the conclusion of his second presidential term, Washington warned the United States citizens and politicians of divisive effect of political parties. Therefore, Washington can be referred to today as an Independent, or a non-partisan. Overall, his political views were more overarching in their scope, rather than specific. Washington stood for national freedom, individual liberties, and a strong central government that would serve to protect the freedoms and liberties of its citizens. Also, he believed in complete separation of church and the state.
The two political parties formulated their views of how government ought to operate in the new republic. Vernon to just be a farmer again, the leaders of the opposing parties both wanted him to reconsider with Hamilton and Jefferson pleading with Washington to stay on for a second term. Washington finally consented to such sentiments and was again the obvious choice of the Electoral College as they re-elected him in February of A good part of the underlying differences between the two factions centered on the French Revolution Jefferson had been in France as the U. Minister where he was witness to the beginning of the end of the French monarchy.