The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious by C.G. JungExcept his book on flying saucers, read in childhood, this was the first book I ever read by C.G. Jung. The experience led to a programme of study which occupied the next eight years, leading me to change college majors (history to religious studies) and to proceed to seminary upon graduation.
The occasion of the reading happened accidentally. Ed, an older friend from high school, had visited Grinnell from the University of Illinois, using my library card to check out books to study while in town. The Jung volume struck my fancy. Id heard of him, of course, heard of him of an associate of Freud, someone important, someone one ought know about. Besides, the book looked impressive: thick, lots of notes, an understated black cover. I asked to borrow it and began to read.
My immediate impression was that the author was extremely erudite, his text making reference not only to psychology, but to cultural anthropology, comparative religions, philosophy, theology, ancient history, the classics etc. I knew, generally, where it was pointing, but not very clearly what it was pointing at. Gnosticism, hermeticism, alchemy--all of which he took seriously--were little more than words referring to archaic and discredited belief systems to me. Besides, he seemed to be comfortable with Latin--which Id taken, not very successfully, in high school--and with Greek--which was still Greek to me. Reading Jung made me painfully aware of how vast my ignorance was. Rather than being depressing, though, I took it as a challenge.
Additionally, some of what Jung wrote about seemed to indicate that he and the persons and traditions he was concerned about knew something about those altered states of consciousness that I was exploring on almost a weekly basis--and that they took it seriously, very seriously. In other words, some of the archaic belief systems which I had previously dismissed were here being represented as stemming from experiences similar to ones very familiar and, sometimes, disturbing to me.
I finished this alluring and mystifying book, then, when next home in Illinois, began the long, expensive process of buying and reading every volume of The Collected Works as well as very many books about Jung, about his analytical psychology and about the various, often obscure, topics he addressed.
The 4 Major Jungian Archetypes
Essays which state the fundamentals of Jung's psychological system: "On the Psychology of the Unconscious" and "The Relations Between the Ego and the Unconscious," with their original versions in an appendix. Had James George Frazer changed career and become a psychologist, after writing his masterpiece, this is something I imagine he could have written as a sequel. Like the Golden Bough, Archetypes and One of the high-water marks of Jung's work, in which he defines archetypes, describes the anima, animus, child, and mother archetypes. Jung also lays the foundation for the structure of his theory of The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious. Carl Gustav Jung.
Jung, a series of books published by Princeton University Press in the U. They are followed by essays on specific archetypes and a section relating them to the process of individuation. The volume includes numerous full-color illustrations. This has been the case with the concept of the unconscious in general. After the philosophical idea of the unconscious, in the form presented chiefly by Carus and von Hartmann, had gone down under the overwhelming wave of materialism and empiricism, leaving hardly a ripple behind it, it gradually reappeared in the scientific domain of medical psychology.
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Archetypes, he suggested, were inborn tendencies that play a role in influencing human behavior. The collective unconscious is a unique component in that Jung believed that this part of the psyche served as a form of psychological inheritance. In Jungian psychology, the archetypes represent universal patterns and images that are part of the collective unconscious. Jung believed that we inherit these archetypes much the way we inherit instinctive patterns of behavior. Where do these archetypes come from then? The collective unconscious, Jung believed, was where these archetypes exist.
In: Jung, C. Jung, Vol. The concept of archetypes as the mode of expression of the collective unconscious is discussed. In addition to the purely personal unconscious hypothesized by Freud, a deeper unconscious level is felt to exist. This deeper level manifests itself in universal archaic images expressed in dreams, religious beliefs, myths, and fairytales. The archetypes, as unfiltered psychic experience, appear sometimes in their most primitive and naive forms in dreams , sometimes in a considerably more complex form due to the operation of conscious elaboration in myths.