Beyond IQ: A Triarchic Theory of Human Intelligence by Robert J. SternbergFirst published in 1985, this book presents a triarchic theory of human intelligence that goes beyond IQ in its conceptualisation and implications for assessment. The theory has three parts. The first deals with relations between intelligence and experience; the second, with relations between intelligence and the external world; the third part with relations between intelligence and the internal world of the individual. Robert J. Sternberg begins by sketching the history of intelligence research. He then outlines the three parts of the theory and adduces supporting evidence, including evidence from studies of practical as well as academic intelligence. He considers the issues raised by exceptional intelligence and by intelligence testing. His conclusions will be of interest to all those concerned with intelligence, its development and its measurement.
Synopsis of a Triarchic theory of Human Intelligence
The triarchic theory of intelligence was formulated by Robert J. Sternberg , a prominent figure in research of human intelligence. The theory by itself was among the first to go against the psychometric approach to intelligence and take a more cognitive approach. The three meta components are also called triarchic components. Sternberg's definition of human intelligence is " a mental activity directed toward purposive adaptation to, selection and shaping of, real-world environments relevant to one's life". Sternberg's theory comprises three parts: componential, experiential, and practical.
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Theories of intelligence are not all theories of the same thing. Rather, they tend to be theories of different aspects of intelligence. To make matters worse, the theorists who propose these theories almost never make it clear just what aspects of intelligence their theories embrace. Consequently, it is difficult to know in what respects the claims of the various theories are complementary, and in what respects these claims are antagonistic. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content.
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