Gandhi by Mahatma GandhiA shy, serious boy, Mahatma Gandhi would later lead India to nationhood and change the course of history. After studying law in London, he championed Indian rights in South Africa for two decades. He returned to India in 1914, leading a campaign of nonviolent protest and civil disobedience against British rule. Philip Wilkinsons lively narrative takes us through his remarkable life, up to Indias independence in 1947, and the tragic conclusion; in 1948 Gandhi was assassinated by a fanatic opposed to his program of tolerance for all creeds and religions.
He is more commonly called Mahatma Gandhi ; mahatma is an honorific meaning "great-soul" or "venerable" in Sanskrit. He was first called this in in South Africa. He is also called Bapu in India Gujarati endearment for "father", "papa". He was the Martyr of the Nation since Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of 'Mahatma'.
Mahatma Gandhi was one of the most famous freedom fighters in the history of mankind. He led India in its struggle for freedom against the British rule. And he taught Indians to fight for their rights through a unique way of non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2nd, in Porbandar, Gujarat. His parents named him Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Later, he regretted it and confessed his mistake. Gandhiji had expected his father to rough him up for his misdeed.
When India was a colony of Great Britain, Gandhi used nonviolent methods to protest against British rule.
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Born in Porbandar, India, Gandhi studied law and organized boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. He was killed by a fanatic in Gandhi leading the Salt March in protest against the government monopoly on salt production. His mother, Putlibai, was a deeply religious woman who fasted regularly. Young Gandhi was a shy, unremarkable student who was so timid that he slept with the lights on even as a teenager. In the ensuing years, the teenager rebelled by smoking, eating meat and stealing change from household servants.
Born and raised in a Hindu family in coastal Gujarat , western India , and trained in law at the Inner Temple , London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in , he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in , Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest.