Muslim Separatism: Causes And Consequences / Sita Ram Goel by Sita Ram GoelMuslim Separatism: Causes And Consequences presents the author’s views on the factors that resulted in the partition and the reasons for the continuing communal tensions in the country.
India was under foreign rule for more than a thousand years before achieving independence. The muslim invaders had already established their hold over Hindustan and had been trying to convert the native population into Islam.
The author says that this struggle between the ruling Muslims and the Hindu subjects had been going on for a long time before the European powers, especially the British, came to India. While the northern part of India was quickly conquered, there was strong resistance to the Muslims in the south which lasted till the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire
Even after this, during the period of the Mughals, there was resistance again when the Maratha Empire reached its height under Shivaji. This constant struggle kept the conflict burning between the communities. The British used this to their advantage in their policy of divide and rule.
The author uses a book written by H V Sheshadri, The Tragic Story Of The Partition, to present most of his viewpoints. In this, the author presents the distinct behaviour patterns of the Muslim Leadership and that of the Nationalist Leadership. While the Muslims were aggressive, separatist and insistent upon retaining their rights and privileges, the nationalists, according to the author, were primarily weak and appeasing to all the Muslim leaders’ demands.
The author states that even after independence, these attitudes prevail, strengthening Islamic separatism and extremism. He also criticises the Indian idea of secularism. He says that the group that calls itself secular is opposed to anything Hindu and does not use the same scale while examining the actions of other communities.
The author has summed up the history, politics and the motivations behind the communal tensions and attitudes and has presented his views on the reasons for the Partition and explains why these factors still play a role in keeping the country divided.
Muslim separatism : causes and consequences
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Sita Ram Goel 16 October — 3 December was an Indian religious and political activist, writer, and publisher in the late twentieth century. He had Marxist leanings during the s,  but later became an outspoken anti-communist and also wrote extensively on the damage to Indian culture and heritage wrought by expansionist Islam and missionary activities of Christianity. In his later career he emerged as a commentator on Indian politics , and adhered to Hindu nationalism. Sita Ram Goel was born to a Hindu family in Punjab , in ; though his childhood was spent in Calcutta. The family looked upon Sri Garibdas , a nirguna saint comparable to Kabir and Nanak , as its patron saint and his verses, "Granth Saheb",  were often recited at their home. Goel graduated in history from the University of Delhi in As a student, he was a social activist and worked for a Harijan Ashram in his village.
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Sita Ram Goel 16 October — 3 December was an Indian religious and political activist, writer, and publisher in the late twentieth century. - It is in this stale atmosphere of sterile scholarship and sloganized politics that the book by Shri H.
Born in , Sita Ram Goel took his M. He won scholarships and distinctions in school as well as college. Well-versed in several languages, he has studied the literature, philosophy, religion, history and sociology of several cultures-ancient, medieval and modern. For his judgements and evaluations, however, he draws his inspiration from the Mahabharata the Suttapitaka, Plato and Sri Aurobindo. Author of eight novels, he has translated into Hindi quite a few books from English, including some dialogues of Plato and a biography of Shivaji. His other works include compilations from the Mahabharata and the Suttapitaka. Having become a convinced Communist by the time he came out of college, he turned against this criminal ideology in when he came to know what was happening inside Soviet Russia.
At each stage of reform, as the prospects of real devolution of political power by the British seemed more imminent , separate-electorate formulas and leaders of various parties stirred hopes, which proved almost as dangerous in triggering violence as did fears. The older, more conservative leadership of the pre-World War I Congress Party found Gandhian satyagraha too radical—moreover, far too revolutionary—to support, and liberals like Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru — organized their own party eventually to become the National Liberal Federation , while others, like Jinnah , dropped out of political life entirely. Jinnah, alienated by Gandhi and his illiterate mass of devoutly Hindu disciples , instead devoted himself to his lucrative Bombay law practice, but his energy and ambition lured him back to the leadership of the Muslim League , which he revitalized in the s. By a number of Indian Muslims had begun to think in terms of separate statehood for their minority community , whose population dominated the northwestern provinces of British India and the eastern half of Bengal, as well as important pockets of the United Provinces and the great princely state of Kashmir. The princely state of Hyderabad in the south was ruled by a Muslim dynasty but was mostly Hindu. Jinnah, the Aga Khan , and other important Muslim leaders were at the time in London attending the Round Table Conference, which still envisaged a single federation of all Indian provinces and princely states as the best possible constitutional solution for India in the aftermath of a future British withdrawal.