Quote by Jimmy Carter: “This Voyager spacecraft was constructed by the ...”
How scientists and non-scientists perceive the world - Francis Crick
Watson received a Nobel Prize and went on to do work in cancer research and mapping the human genome. He later came under fire for several controversial remarks on subjects ranging from obesity to race-based intelligence. In , he received a Bachelor of Science degree in zoology and then went on to attend Indiana University in Bloomington, where he received his Ph. During his graduate studies, Watson was influenced by the work of geneticists H. Muller and T. Sonneborn and microbiologist S.
On this day in , Cambridge University scientists James D. Watson and Francis H. Crick announce that they have determined the double-helix structure of DNA, the molecule containing human genes. In the early s, Watson and Crick were only two of many scientists working on figuring out the structure of DNA. California chemist Linus Pauling suggested an incorrect model at the beginning of , prompting Watson and Crick to try and beat Pauling at his own game.
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This page has been archived and is no longer updated. In reality, this is not the case., The discovery in of the double helix, the twisted-ladder structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA , by James Watson and Francis Crick marked a milestone in the history of science and gave rise to modern molecular biology, which is largely concerned with understanding how genes control the chemical processes within cells.
In , he co-authored with James Watson the academic paper proposing the double helix structure of the DNA molecule. Together with Watson and Maurice Wilkins , he was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material". Crick was an important theoretical molecular biologist and played a crucial role in research related to revealing the helical structure of DNA. He is widely known for the use of the term " central dogma " to summarize the idea that once information is transferred from nucleic acids DNA or RNA to proteins, it cannot flow back to nucleic acids. In other words, the final step in the flow of information from nucleic acids to proteins is irreversible. During the remainder of his career, he held the post of J.