Vaclav Havel (Author of The Power of the Powerless)Vaclav Havel was a Czech playwright, essayist, poet, dissident and politician. He was the tenth and last President of Czechoslovakia (1989–92) and the first President of the Czech Republic (1993–2003). He wrote over twenty plays and numerous non-fiction works, translated internationally. He received the US Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Philadelphia Liberty Medal, the Order of Canada, the freedom medal of the Four Freedoms Award, and the Ambassador of Conscience Award. He was also voted 4th in Prospect Magazines 2005 global poll of the worlds top 100 intellectuals. He was a founding signatory of the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism.
Beginning in the 1960s, his work turned to focus on the politics of Czechoslovakia. After the Prague Spring, he became increasingly active. In 1977, his involvement with the human rights manifesto Charter 77 brought him international fame as the leader of the opposition in Czechoslovakia; it also led to his imprisonment. The 1989 Velvet Revolution launched Havel into the presidency. In this role he led Czechoslovakia and later the Czech Republic to multi-party democracy. His thirteen years in office saw radical change in his nation, including its split with Slovakia, which Havel opposed, its accession into NATO and start of the negotiations for membership in the European Union, which was attained in 2004.
Farage exposes euro-nationalist, communist government of Europe
Platform of European Memory and Conscience – a brief history
In its preamble, the Prague declaration states the urgent need to come to terms with the communist ideology and with past and present communist regimes on a European and international scale. It stipulates inter alia that the Communist ideology is directly responsible for crimes against humanity, that there are substantial similarities between Nazism and Communism, that many perpetrators of Communist crimes have not been brought to justice yet, that many Communist parties have not apologized for Communist crimes and that millions of victims of Communism are entitled to the same recognition enjoyed by the victims of Nazism. It also stresses that one fifth of mankind still suffers under hard living conditions imposed by different Communist dictatorships. The Prague Declaration, which is addressed to all nations of Europe, all European political institutions including national governments, parliaments, the European Parliament, the European Commission, the Council of Europe and other relevant international bodies, formulates nineteen demands.
To date, the most visible proposal set forth by the declaration was the adoption of the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism known as the International Black Ribbon Day in some countries , adopted by the European Union and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe , as the official international remembrance day for victims of totalitarian regimes. The declaration is part of a wider process at the European and international level, aimed at reaching similar objectives to those stated in the declaration. Central to the declaration is the call for an "all-European understanding that both the Nazi and Communist totalitarian regimes [ The declaration called for: . The Declaration cites Council of Europe resolution as well as "resolutions on Communist crimes adopted by a number of national parliaments. Following its announcement, a number of political developments have taken place relating to the issues raised in the Prague Declaration. The European Parliament proclaimed the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism on 23 September with the support of MEPs from all political factions  and called for its implementation by the member states in its resolution on European conscience and totalitarianism adopted —44 with 33 abstentions , which also called for the establishment of the Platform of European Memory and Conscience.
by Vytenis Povilas Andriukaitis
TOP 5 QUOTES BY Vaclav Havel
Human Rights. Vilna Jewish Online Museum. Interwar Lithuania Online Museum. Continue reading. In Lithuania, as in other places in Europe conquered by Nazi Germany, a thorough and comprehensive inquiry into the tragic events that occurred compels consideration of three factors:.