Agriculture at a Crossroads: Volume IV: North America and Europe by International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and TechnologyThe International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development (IAASTD) looks realistically at how we could effectively use agriculture/AKST to help us meet development and sustainability goals. An unprecedented three-year collaborative effort, the IAASTD involved more than 400 authors in 110 countries and cost more than $11 million. It reports on the advances and setbacks of the past fifty years and offers options for the next fifty years. The results of the project are contained in seven reports: a Global Report, five regional Sub-Global Assessments, and a Synthesis Report. The Global Report gives the key findings of the Assessment, and the five Sub-Global Assessments address regional challenges. The volumes present options for action. All of the reports have been extensively peer-reviewed by governments and experts and all have been approved by a panel of participating governments. The Sub-Global Assessments all utilize a similar and consistent framework: examining and reporting on the impacts of AKST on hunger, poverty, nutrition, human health, and environmental/social sustainability. The five Sub-Global Assessments cover the following regions:
Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA)
East and South Asia and the Pacific (ESAP)
Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)
North America and Europe (NAE)
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
Agriculture at a Crossroads: Synthesis Report
Learn more and Create An Account. This was stimulated by discussions at the World Bank with the private sector and nongovernmental organizations NGOs on the state of scientific understanding of biotechnology and more specifically transgenics. During , eleven consultations were held, overseen by an international multistakeholder steering committee and involving over participants from all relevant stakeholder groups, e. Based on these consultations the steering committee recommended to an Intergovernmental Plenary meeting in Nairobi in September that an international assessment of the role of agricultural knowledge, science and technology AKST in reducing hunger and poverty, improving rural livelihoods and facilitating environmentally, socially and economically sustainable development was needed. Agricultural systems range across the globe from intensive highly commercialized large-scale systems to small-scale and subsistence systems. All of these systems are potentially either highly vulnerable or sustainable. It plays a key role in shaping the quality and quantity of natural, human and other resources as well as access to them.
, Beverly D. McIntyre and others published Agriculture at a Crossroads: of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD).
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The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development IAASTD was a three-year international collaborative effort — initiated by the World Bank in , which evaluated the relevance, quality and effectiveness of agricultural knowledge, science, and technology, and the effectiveness of public and private sector policies and institutional arrangements. It assessed agricultural knowledge, science, and technology with respect to development and sustainability goals of reducing hunger and poverty, improving nutrition, health, rural livelihoods, and facilitating social and environmental sustainability. The results of the project were reviewed and ratified during the intergovernmental plenary meeting held 7—12 April , in Johannesburg, South Africa. The geographically based multi-stakeholder Bureau was composed of 30 government representatives from different regions, 22 representatives from non-governmental organizations, consumer groups and producer groups, representatives from 8 institutions, and 2 co-chairs. The sponsoring agencies served as ex officio members of the Bureau.
It is widely recognised as one of the most important scientific publications acknowledging the critical role of agroecology, in the last 1o years. More than scientists, stemming from all continents and a broad spectrum of disciplines, worked together for four years with the aim of answering the following question:. The IAASTD report is a call for governments and international agencies to redirect and increase their funding towards a revolution in agriculture that is firmly agroecological. The core message of the final IAASTD report is the urgent need to move away from destructive and chemical-dependent industrial agriculture and to adopt environmental modern farming methods that champion biodiversity and benefit local communities. More and better food can be produced without destroying rural livelihoods or our natural resources.