The Vikings by Robert WernickPerhaps more is known now about Vikings and the exploration of new lands via northern routes, than generally allowed to be assumed publicly, especially in US - children are still taught about discovery of the continent by Columbus as the first person to do so, which is incorrect not only due to the presence of humans on the continent - (which Columbus did not in fact step on, being at one of the islands of Caribbean, and returning therefrom after making his sailors swear they had in fact discovered India, which is the root of the US still referring to indigenous as Indian, knowing fully well that such name is a lie - those people had nothing to do with India) - but also because in fact Nordic Europeans, specifically ones referred to as Vikings, had in fact known about the lands across the ocean, and even had not only stepped on the mainland but lived there for many centuries before dying or giving up and returning, due to the lack then of mass migration.
As one person pointed out (wish one could recall precisely who and where, for reference), the fishing fleets of northern Europe were always venturing further out in the Arctic latitudes in search of more fish, and kept knowledge of lands across ocean to themselves for reasons of keeping their fishing waters from competition and overcrowding.
But the word was bound to be whispered about within the community, and so some were bound to land across ocean in the various new lands - Iceland, Greenland, and the main continent, which acquired its present name after the sailor Amerigo Vespucci only post a voyage after Columbus. The Vikings in fact ventured as far south as Watertown, MA, and traded from posts on the Charles river, as told via the Vikings tower at Waltham on the Charles river.
Wernick goes succinctly but quite thoroughly into history of Vikings as known, describing their society, their ventures into Europe and raids across various nations, conquests and establishing societies in various parts from Ireland, UK, Normandy and Rhineland to southern regions of the Baltic and more, before he describes their ventures across the ocean, which he does not as an amorphous group but with specific names of the people - collected from Vikings own sagas.
Even apart from the information factor, this work makes for a delightful reading, due to various details of lives of Vikings and also of the new lands, or for that matter the European ones they ventured into. That it wasnt only lack of migration then, which there was little reason for not happening, but the more insurmountable difficulty of a Little Ice Age making the Viking colonies in Greenland difficult to sustain, what with the deep cold making agriculture impossible, and survival difficult.
Also mentioned is another factor - Eskimo migration from regions of Pacific coast across northern Canada to Greenland, and their being far more acclimatised to the cold and better at surviving in the land. Thus the Vikings were pushed out of Greenland completely, but survived in Iceland, albeit with numbers of Scottish and Irish migrants they had taken there as slaves but got integrated instead with, gradually, into a society that merged into one without slavery.
A lesser known fact - lesser for those not professionally historians is about Danelaw; and an amusing one is about how Vikings were defeated in Ireland despite victories in wars!
WEDNESDAY, JULY 6, 2016
Vikings - Ivar Runs the Viking Cup (Mario Kart Meme)
Don’t Know What To Say? Try This Pick Up Line…Or Don’t.
The joke originally went viral in March, but people are still texting friends, boyfriends and crushes the question and posting the results. Whitlock decided to test out the line and texted it to a male friend of hers, who was completely baffled by her text. Thanks, AmericanGirl. Thanks, American Girl! Wish I had enough known this pickup line 6 years ago pic.
The genesis of the line comes from year-old Caitlin Whitlock from Michigan. Because it looks like someone stole two fine hams and shoved them down the back of your dress. So she shared a photo log of her whole experience — the book, the suggestion, the text exchange with her friend — on Twitter. And gradually, it went viral. The primary response seems to be confusion. With my Saturday now free, I went to pick up some gadget at Best Buy. Yes, this story takes place in the era of phone calls and Best Buy.
In the book, she found a page with tips on how to talk to boys. One of them suggested you say, "I wish they'd teach us more about Vikings.".
chapter 9 and then there were none