American Lion Quotes by Jon Meacham
The Cherokees vs. Andrew Jackson
Part 1: Part 2: Part 3: Resource Bank Contents. Early in the 19th century, while the rapidly-growing United States expanded into the lower South, white settlers faced what they considered an obstacle. These Indian nations, in the view of the settlers and many other white Americans, were standing in the way of progress.
John Ross made an unlikely looking Cherokee chief. Born in to a Scottish trader and a woman of Indian and European heritage, he was only one-eighth Cherokee by blood. Short, slight and reserved, he wore a suit and tie instead of deerskin leggings and a beaver-skin hat. His trading post made him more prosperous than most Indians—or white men. When the Cherokees embraced formal education—they were adapting quickly to a world they knew was changing—he attended school with their children.
Perhaps he was right on some issues and perhaps he was wrong, but either way he was definitely effective as a president. He knew how to manipulate and persuade to get whatever it was that he wanted. After all, he managed to get elected into office for both terms. When South Carolina, led by John C. Calhoun, announced its intention to nullify the tariffs in the fall of , it touched off what almost developed into a civil war, as Jackson massed military resources on the state's borders. Finally resolved in the spring of when South Carolina agreed to a new, more fair, tariff passed by Congress.
Andrew Jackson's Policy of Indian Removal Led to the Notorious Trail of Tears
For the removal of the tribes within the limits of the State of Georgia the motive has been peculiarly strong, arising from the compact with that State whereby the United States are bound to extinguish the Indian title to the lands within it whenever it may be done peaceably and on reasonable conditions. The removal of the tribes from the territory which they now inhabit. Experience has clearly demonstrated that in their present state it is impossible to incorporate them in such masses, in any form whatever, into our system. It has also demonstrated with equal certainty that without a timely anticipation of and provision against the dangers to which they are exposed, under causes which it will be difficult, if not impossible to control, their degradation and extermination will be inevitable. Steven Mintz St. James, New York: Brandywine P,
The Indian Removal policy of President Andrew Jackson was prompted by the desire of white settlers in the South to expand into lands belonging to five Indian tribes. In the most notorious example of this policy, more than 15, members of the Cherokee tribe were forced to walk from their homes in the southern states to designated Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma in Many died along the way. In brutal conditions, nearly 4, Cherokees died on the Trail of Tears. There had been conflicts between whites and Native Americans since the first white settlers arrived in North America. But in the early s, the issue had come down to white settlers encroaching on Indian lands in the southern United States. Five Indian tribes were located on land that would be highly sought for settlement, especially as it was prime land for the cultivation of cotton.