Andersonville by John McElroyJohn McElroy (1846-1929) was an American printer, soldier, journalist and author, best known for writing the novel The Red Acorn (1885) and the four-volume Andersonville: A Story of Rebel Military Prisons (1879), based upon his lengthy confinement in the Confederate Andersonville prison camp during the American Civil War. It quickly became a bestseller and remained popular for the next twenty years. In 1864, he was among dozens of men captured in a skirmish near Jonesville, Virginia, by Confederate cavalrymen under William E. Jones. McElroy was sent to a variety of camps before being assigned to Andersonville prison, where he remained for the rest of the war. After the war ended, McElroy was released from captivity and transported back to the North. He settled in Chicago and resumed the printers trade. He became a local reporter and newspaperman before moving to Toledo, Ohio, to become an editor of the Toledo Blade. In 1908, McElroy wrote The Economic Functions of Vice. The following year, he published Struggle for Missouri, a history of the bitter division over slavery that split the states loyalties and led to armed conflict within its borders.
10 Mindblowing Things You Didn't Know About The Civil War
From February until the end of the American Civil War in April , Andersonville, Georgia, served as the site of a notorious Confederate military prison. In all, approximately 13, Union prisoners perished at Andersonville, and following the war its commander, Captain Henry Wirz , was tried, convicted and executed for war crimes. The first inmates began arriving at the Andersonville prison in February , while it was still under construction. The facility became necessary after the prisoner-exchange system between the North and South collapsed in over disagreements about the handling of black soldiers. The stockade at Andersonville was hastily constructed using slave labor, and was located in the Georgia woods near a railroad but safely away from the front lines. Enclosing some 16 acres of land, the prison was supposed to include wooden barracks but the inflated price of lumber delayed construction, and the Yankee soldiers imprisoned there lived under open skies, protected only by makeshift shanties called shebangs, constructed from scraps of wood and blankets.
Andersonville Prison. Andersonville Prison was the deadliest prisoner of war camp during the Civil War with a total of nearly 13, deaths. Andersonville National Historic Site is unique in the National Park Service as the only park to serve as a memorial to all Americans ever held as prisoners of war. The acre park, consisting of the national cemetery and prison site, exemplifies the grim life suffered by prisoners of war, North and South, during the Civil War. The historic site was established in Very little remains of the original Andersonville prison. On the grounds, only the earthworks remain.
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Most of the site lies in southwestern Macon County , adjacent to the east side of the town of Andersonville. The prison was made in February and served to April The site was commanded by Captain Henry Wirz , who was tried and executed after the war for war crimes. It was overcrowded to four times its capacity, with an inadequate water supply, inadequate food rations, and unsanitary conditions. Of the approximately 45, Union prisoners held at Camp Sumter during the war, nearly 13, died. The chief causes of death were scurvy , diarrhea , and dysentery.