Who Was Abraham Lincoln? by Janet B. PascalBorn to a family of farmers, Lincoln stood out from an early age--literally! (He was six feet four inches tall.) As sixteenth President of the United States, he guided the nation through the Civil War and saw the abolition of slavery. But Lincoln was tragically shot one night at Fords Theater--the first President to be assassinated. Over 100 black-and-white illustrations and maps are included.
Biography of Abraham Lincoln for Kids: Meet the American President for Kids - FreeSchool
Abraham Lincoln , a self-taught lawyer, legislator and vocal opponent of slavery, was elected 16th president of the United States in November , shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War. In April , with the Union on the brink of victory, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth; his untimely death made him a martyr to the cause of liberty, and he is widely regarded as one of the greatest presidents in U. Lincoln was born on February 12, , in a one-room log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky ; his family moved to southern Indiana in In , his family moved to Macon County in southern Illinois , and Lincoln got a job working on a river flatboat hauling freight down the Mississippi River to New Orleans. After settling in the town of New Salem, Illinois, where he worked as a shopkeeper and a postmaster, Lincoln became involved in local politics as a supporter of the Whig Party , winning election to the Illinois state legislature in
Abraham Lincoln February 12, — April 15, was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from March until his assassination in April Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War , its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. Born in Kentucky , Lincoln grew up on the frontier in a poor family. Self-educated, he became a lawyer, Whig Party leader, Illinois state legislator and Congressman. In , he left government to resume his law practice, but angered by the success of Democrats in opening the prairie lands to slavery, reentered politics in
For a discussion of the history and nature of the presidency, see presidency of the United States of America. Abraham Lincoln was a member of the Whig Party and later a Republican. One of his greatest preoccupations as a political thinker was the issue of self-governance and the promise and problems that could arise from it.
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His family moved to Indiana when he was seven and he grew up on the edge of the frontier. A childhood friend later recalled Lincoln's "manic" intellect, and the sight of him red-eyed and tousle-haired as he pored over books late into the night. In , at the age of nineteen, he accompanied a produce-laden flatboat down the Mississippi River to New Orleans, Louisiana—his first visit to a large city--and then walked back home. Two years later, trying to avoid health and finance troubles, Lincoln's father moved the family moved to Illinois. After moving away from home, Lincoln co-owned a general store for several years before selling his stake and enlisting as a militia captain defending Illinois in the Black Hawk War of Black Hawk, a Sauk chief, believed he had been swindled by a recent land deal and sought to resettle his old holdings.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. His presidency was dominated by the American Civil War. Abraham Lincoln was born on 12 February near Hodgenville, Kentucky. He was brought up in Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois. His parents were poor pioneers and Lincoln was largely self-educated. In , he qualified as a lawyer and went to work in a law practice in Springfield, Illinois.
The government will not assail you…. You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it. Lincoln thought secession illegal, and was willing to use force to defend Federal law and the Union. When Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter and forced its surrender, he called on the states for 75, volunteers. Four more slave states joined the Confederacy but four remained within the Union. The Civil War had begun. The son of a Kentucky frontiersman, Lincoln had to struggle for a living and for learning.