Gandhi On Non-Violence by Mahatma GandhiIn this book, Merton has selected the basic statements of principle and interpretation which make up Gandhis philosophy of non-violence (AHIMSA) and non-violent action (SATYAGRAHA). The Gandhi text follows that established by the Navaijivan Trust with sections dealing with Principles of non-violence, Non-violence, true and false, Spiritual dimensions of non-violence. The political scope of non-violence, and The purity of non-violence.
Gandhi Clip on the Salt March (teaching clip for non-violence and direct action)
In his leadership of the great national liberation struggle of India against British imperialism, Gandhi established the methodology of nonviolence, which is essential to a culture of peace. To Gandhi, there must be no enemy - only an adversary or opponent who has not yet been convinced of the truth. Fundamental to his philosophy was the distinction between man and his deed.
Gandhi and Civil Disobedience
Personalities of India. Mahatma Gandhi Biography. About Gandhi Jayanti. Jawahar Lal Nehru. Gandhi and Non-Violence. In his trial speech made at Ahmadabad Sessions court in March , Mahatma Gandhi put forward his philosophy with great eloquence, when he stated non-violence to be the 'first article of his faith' and the 'last article of his creed'. Non-violence had always been the founding principle of Gandhian spirituality, and his bedrock of his political philosophy.
Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition. It comes from the belief that hurting people, animals or the environment is unnecessary to achieve an outcome and refers to a general philosophy of abstention from violence. This may be based on moral, religious or spiritual principles, or it may be for purely strategic or pragmatic reasons. Nonviolence also has "active" or "activist" elements, in that believers generally accept the need for nonviolence as a means to achieve political and social change. Thus, for example, the Tolstoy and Gandhian non violence is a philosophy and strategy for social change that rejects the use of violence , but at the same time sees nonviolent action also called civil resistance as an alternative to passive acceptance of oppression or armed struggle against it.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Non-violence doesn't just mean not doing violence; it's also a way of taking positive action to resist oppression or bring about change. The essence of non-violent technique is that it seeks to liquidate antagonisms but not the antagonists. The aim of non-violent conflict is to convert your opponent; to win over their mind and heart and persuade them that your point of view is right. An important element is often to make sure that the opponent is given a face-saving way of changing their mind. Non-violent protest seeks a 'win-win' solution whenever possible.
Gandhi did not claim to be a prophet or even a philosopher. He would have had no interest in it if the Indian National Congress had adopted Satyagraha and subscribed to nonviolence. He objected to violence not only because an unarmed people had little chance of success in an armed rebellion, but because he considered violence a clumsy weapon which created more problems than it solved, and left a trail of hatred and bitterness in which genuine reconciliation was almost impossible. To the former, nonviolence was a camouflage; to the latter, it was sheer sentimentalism. To the radical Indian politicians, who had browsed on the history of the French and Russian revolutions or the Italian and Irish nationalist struggles, it was patent that force would only yield to force, and that it was foolish to miss opportunities and sacrifice tactical gains for reasons more relevant to ethics than to politics.