Responsive Web Design by Ethan MarcotteFrom mobile browsers to netbooks and tablets, users are visiting your sites from an increasing array of devices and browsers. Are your designs ready? Learn how to think beyond the desktop and craft beautiful designs that anticipate and respond to your users’ needs. Ethan Marcotte will explore CSS techniques and design principles, including fluid grids, flexible images, and media queries, demonstrating how you can deliver a quality experience to your users no matter how large (or small) their display.
5 Key Concepts of Responsive Design
The Smashing team loves high-quality content and cares about the little details. Earlier issues. Almost every new client these days wants a mobile version of their website. When will the madness stop? For many websites, creating a website version for each resolution and new device would be impossible, or at least impractical. Should we just suffer the consequences of losing visitors from one device, for the benefit of gaining visitors from another? Or is there another option?
In Responsive Web Design, the layout of the page adapts depending on the screen size and orientation of the device where it's viewed. Elements are reorganized as viewports grow or shrink. Using flexible grids, the content automatically adjusts to multiple displays and devices. A design for desktop might use three columns for its layout, and then be reorganized to use two columns for tablets, and a single column for phones. Indigo Studio lets you create responsive website prototypes using a Bootstrap -based responsive web design feature.
The advantages of responsive web design becomes very clear if you look at each of these three key components of responsive web design.
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Set the viewport
The use of mobile devices to surf the web is growing at an astronomical pace, but unfortunately much of the web isn't optimized for those mobile devices. Mobile devices are often constrained by display size and require a different approach to how content is laid out on the screen. A multitude of different screen sizes exist across phones, "phablets," tablets, desktops, game consoles, TVs, and even wearables.
Responsive web design is undoubtedly a hot topic in web design right now. To some degree, the popularity of the concept of responsive web design is well deserved because site users are increasingly diversifying their methods of accessing a website. It is important to note that all three features need to be implemented in order for a truly responsive web design to take place. Any design that lacks these features is simply not a responsive web design. It is that cut and dry. The term grid as it pertains to web design is getting murkier.
Responsive Web Design is about using HTML and CSS to automatically resize, hide, shrink, or enlarge, a website, to make it look good on all devices desktops, tablets, and phones :. This will set the viewport of your page, which will give the browser instructions on how to control the page's dimensions and scaling. Here is an example of a web page without the viewport meta tag, and the same web page with the viewport meta tag:. Tip: If you are browsing this page on a phone or a tablet, you can click on the two links above to see the difference. Notice that in the example above, the image can be scaled up to be larger than its original size. A better solution, in many cases, will be to use the max-width property instead. Viewport is the browser window size.