Tulsidas - Life & Poems by TulsidasTULSIDAS: LIFE & POEMS
Translation & Introduction by Paul Smith
Tulsidas (1532-1623), also known as Goswami Tulsidas, was a Hindu Bhakti poet-saint, reformer and philosopher renowned for his devotion for the Avatar when He appeared as Rama. A composer of several popular works, he is best known for being the author of the epic Ramcharitmanas, a retelling of the Sanskrit Ramayana. Tulsidas was acclaimed in his lifetime to be a reincarnation of Valmiki, the composer of the original Ramayana in Sanskrit. He is also considered to be the composer of the Hanuman Chalisa, a popular devotional hymn dedicated to Hanuman, the divine monkey helper and devotee of Rama. Tulsidas lived permanently and died in the city of Varanasi. The Tulsi Ghat in Varnasi is named after him. He founded the Sankatmochan Temple dedicated to Hanuman in Varanasi, believed to stand at the place where he had the sight of Hanuman. Tulsidas started the Ramlila plays, a folk-theatre adaption of the Ramayana. He has been acclaimed as one of the greatest poets in Hindi, Indian, and world literature. The impact of Tulsidas and his works on the art, culture and society in India is widespread and is seen to date in vernacular language, Ramlila plays, Hindustani classical music, popular music, and television series. Here is a collection mainly of his Dohas, a rhymed couplet that is a complete thought in itself. He was with Kabir, Vrind and Rahim a master of this simple form.
~Introduction to Bhakti Poets Series~
TULSIDAS, KABIR, VRIND, LALLA DED, RAHIM, VYASA, JAYADEVA
(approx. 110-120 pages each… others to follow)
Paul Smith (b. 1945) is a poet, author and translator of many books of Sufi poets from the Persian, Arabic, Urdu, Turkish, Pashtu, Hindi and other languages including Hafiz, Sadi, Nizami, Rumi, ‘Attar, Sana’i, Jahan Khatun, Obeyd Zakani, Mu’in, Amir Khusrau, Nesimi, Kabir, Anvari, Ansari, Jami, Khayyam, Rudaki, Lalla Ded, Mahsati, Baba Farid, Iqbal, Vrind, Rahim and others, and his own poetry, fiction, biographies, plays, children’s books and 12 screenplays. www.newhumanitybooks.com
His full name was Goswami Tulsidas and he was born in A. Tulsidas was a Sarayuparina Brahmin by birth and is regarded as an incarnation of Valmiki, the sage who composed the Ramayana in Sanskrit. He went on to marry Buddhimati also known as Ratnavali , from whom he had a son named Tarak. Over the next few years, Tulsidas wandered across India, visiting numerous pilgrimage sites, in his quest for Lord Rama, spiritually changing his bent of mind. Ayodhya was his main stay, and it was here that he sighted a vision of Lord Rama who inspired him to compose the Ramayana in Awadhi, the common language spoken by the people then. His emphasized the path to attain salvation by devoting oneself to God.
Tulsidas wrote several popular works in Sanskrit and Awadhi ; he is best known as the author of the epic Ramcharitmanas , a retelling of the Sanskrit Ramayana based on Rama 's life in the vernacular Awadhi dialect of Hindi. Tulsidas spent most of his life in the city of Varanasi.
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Several Saints ascended to the state of Guru and showed the path of God realisation to many. They also taught spirituality to the society through their conduct and actions., Tulsidas is considered to be one of the greatest of the Hindu saints of India. He is is considered to be one of the most famous representatives of the Bhakti school of Hinduism.
He was the composer of the original Ramayana into Sanskrit. The name of Tulsi ghat is after him. He was great poet in Hindi, Indian, world literature and founded the temple Sankat mochan. Goswami Tulsidas was a great Hindu poet saint, reformer as well as philosopher and composed various popular books. He is renowned for his dedication to the Lord Rama and being the author of great epic, the Ramcharitmanas. He was always admired as a reincarnation of the Valmiki original composer of the Ramayana in Sanskrit and Hanuman Chalisa.