The German Way of War: From the Thirty Years War to the Third Reich by Robert M. CitinoFor Frederick the Great, the prescription for warfare was simple: kurz und vives (short and lively) - wars that relied upon swift, powerful, and decisive military operations. Robert Citino takes us on a dramatic march through Prussian and German military history to show how that primal theme played out time and time again. Citino focuses on operational warfare to demonstrate continuity in German military campaigns from the time of Elector Frederick Wilhelm and his great sleigh-drive against the Swedes to the age of Adolf Hitler and the blitzkrieg to the gates of Moscow. Along the way, he underscores the role played by the Prussian army in elevating a small, vulnerable state to the ranks of the European powers, describes how nineteenth-century victories over Austria and France made the German army the most respected in Europe, and reviews the lessons learned from the trenches of World War I.
Thirty Years War ends
We are finally here with the first of 18 parts on the 30 Years War!!! I am very excited, so join me as we look at the rebuilding of France, the failures of Queen Liz' fightback policies, the war within Ireland and much more! Join me for the second part of our special as I delve into the crazy world of the HRE, the Poles, the Ottomans and more! It's a winding story, but one that is critical to understanding the world that the TYW was in! Today we look at Scandinavia and the history of that region; what it meant for the rest of Europe and how Europe saw it.
It remains one of the longest and most brutal wars in human history, with more than 8 million casualties resulting from military battles as well as from the famine and disease caused by the conflict. The war lasted from to , starting as a battle among the Catholic and Protestant states that formed the Holy Roman Empire. In the end, the conflict changed the geopolitical face of Europe and the role of religion and nation-states in society. This effectively calmed simmering tensions between peoples of the two faiths within the Holy Roman Empire for more than 60 years, although there were flare ups, including the Cologne War and the War of the Julich Succession Still, the Holy Roman Empire may have controlled much of Europe at the time, though it was essentially a collection of semi-autonomous states or fiefdoms.
Peace of Westphalia.
fear of storms in children
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The Treaty of Westphalia is signed, ending the Thirty Years War and radically shifting the balance of power in Europe. The Thirty Years War, a series of wars fought by European nations for various reasons, ignited in over an attempt by the king of Bohemia the future Holy Roman emperor Ferdinand II to impose Catholicism throughout his domains. Protestant nobles rebelled, and by the s most of continental Europe was at war. As a result of the Treaty of Westphalia, the Netherlands gained independence from Spain, Sweden gained control of the Baltic and France was acknowledged as the preeminent Western power. The power of the Holy Roman Emperor was broken and the German states were again able to determine the religion of their lands.
The Thirty Years War: A Documentary History fills a gap in recent studies of the great pan-European conflict, providing fresh translations of thirty-eight primary documents for the student and general reader. The selections are drawn from the standard political documents, from the Apology of the Bohemian Estates for the Defenestration of Prague to the text of the Treaty of Westphalia, as well as from imperial edicts, trial records, letters, diary entries, and satirical broadsheets, all directly translated from the Early New High German, French, Swedish, and Latin. The volume contains some ten illustrations and one map. A succinct introduction introduces the four sections, each with its own substantial introduction: 1 Outbreak of the Thirty Years War , 2 The Intervention of Denmark and Sweden , and 3 The Long War The concluding section 4 Two Wartime Lives , interestingly juxtaposes the journals of a wandering mercenary and a settled townsman.