Frederick Douglass Quotes (20 quotes)
Frederick Douglass: From Slave to Presidential Advisor
Anna Murray-Douglass August 4, was an American abolitionist , member of the Underground Railroad , and the first wife of American social reformer and statesman Frederick Douglass , from to her death. This places her mother's emancipation sometime during or earlier. The Manumission records of Caroline County, Maryland, held at the state archives show that year-old Anna and three siblings - Charlotte, aged 16, Elizabeth, aged 19, and Philip Murray, aged 22 - requested official "Certificates of Freedom" from the county court on May 29th, attesting to their free status. The certificates enabled them to travel freely in Maryland, because the law required they provide proof that they were free people, or risk being enslaved. It is likely that Anna and her brother and sisters were planning to move to Baltimore, where Anna eventually met Frederick Bailey [Douglass] and helped him escape.
The year was probably , and he would later celebrate February 14 as his birthday, but no precise records exist. His mother, Harriet Bailey, was a plantation slave, his father a white man whom he never met. He speculated that his father was the plantation master, but he never had any proof. Douglass was about ten years old when his mother died, and soon after that he was given to Lucretia Auld, who sent him to serve her brother-in-law, Hugh Auld in Baltimore. Douglass would later write of his move to Baltimore having, "laid the foundation, and opened the gateway, to all my subsequent prosperity," for it was here that he was taught to read and write. But after seven years as a domestic slave in Baltimore, he was sent off to a plantation to labor in a field. Enduring brutal treatment, he attempted escape in April of , but was discovered and severely punished.
She was hired out to neighboring farms and her children would stay with her mother, until they were several years old. Frederick Douglass was born in or and, as we have alluded to, he was cared for by his grandmother for the first few years of his life. Captain Anthony made many of the children, who were born to people he owned, stay with Betsey Bailey, who would care for them for the first few years of their lives, as they were no use to him as workers when they were toddlers and infants. In this way, Betsey Bailey was able to care for her own grandchildren as she and Issac had all girls and several of them had children, including Harriet. Thus, Frederick Douglass stayed with his grandmother and grandfather for the first few years of his life, while his mother was forced to work as a field hand in an area farm some miles away. Frederick Douglass was on this new plantation without his mother, or his grandparents, and with siblings whom he barely knew.
His mother, Harriet Bailey, was a woman of great intellect; she was the only slave her four or five times during the first seven years of his life, she died in
sayings of love and support
After escaping from slavery in Maryland, he became a national leader of the abolitionist movement in Massachusetts and New York, gaining note for his oratory  and incisive antislavery writings. In his time, he was described by abolitionists as a living counter-example to slaveholders' arguments that slaves lacked the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. Douglass wrote several autobiographies. He described his experiences as a slave in his autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave , which became a bestseller, and was influential in promoting the cause of abolition, as was his second book, My Bondage and My Freedom After the Civil War , Douglass remained an active campaigner against slavery and wrote his last autobiography, Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. First published in and revised in , three years before his death, it covered events during and after the Civil War.
His mother, Harriet Bailey, was a field slave from whom he was separated during his infancy. Douglass only saw his mother four or five times thereafter and for only a few hours each time. She had been sold to a man who lived twelve miles from where Douglass lived, and to see her son required that after her day's work in the field she walk the twelve miles, visit with him for a short time during the night, walk the twelve miles back to her home, and work a second day in the fields without rest. She died when Douglass was about seven. Douglass never knew for certain whom his father was. He did know that his father was white, and he believed he was his master, Aaron Anthony. Sent to live with Hugh Auld family in Baltimore.
Frederick Douglass Honor Society. His mother was a slave named Harriet Bailey, who brought him into the world in the cabin of her mother, Betsy Bailey, also a slave but whose husband was free. The cabin was next to a small ravine on the Tuckahoe Creek near what is now called the village of Cordova. Frederick lived with his grandmother until he was six, and then was moved to the much larger Wye House plantation where his owner, Aaron Anthony, was employed as an overseer. He was recognized as a gifted young boy, and Sophia began to teach him the alphabet, and to read, although doing so was illegal. He warned that if a slave were to read, he would learn enough to want to be free. Frederick did continue learning from white children in the neighborhood and began reading everything he was able to see or to get into his possession.